Ethiopia and its Emperor
By Evan Tesfaye – original content
Ethiopia a country that is located in eastern Africa and has close connections to and shares borders with Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti and Sudan. It comes second after Nigeria for having the largest population in Africa with it occupying a whopping 98,942,102 people. As a nation, they are known to be culturally diverse as there are many tribes and ethnic groups that practice various traditions and speak different to one another. There are currently over 80 different languages spoken in Ethiopia, the most common languages are Oromo, Amharic, and Tigrinya. English, which is widely used and is an international language not only in western countries but also in different parts of the world, is only taught in educational institutions and is compulsory, as a country it is extensively known for being one of the few in Africa to never be colonised.
It’s people are very rich not only in culture but also in faith, so it comes as no surprise that Ethiopia has been mentioned several times not only in the bible but also the Quran. Primarily, Ethiopia is a country that mainly practices Christianity in two different forms Pentecostal and orthodox with the mass population being Orthodox Tewahedo Christians.
Aside from being the main origin of the coffee that we drink, the oldest independent country in Africa, and the motherland of the earliest human citing’s (Lucy) along with being the only African nation with its own distinctive alphabet, it has a profound history that they should undeniably be proud of.
His majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I strived to revolutionise Ethiopia for more than a few decades until he was forced to step down and removed from office by the political opposition in 1974. Born in 1892, he was crowned emperor in 1930, Haile Selassie banished for the duration of World War II, soon after the Italians invaded Ethiopia. He returned in 1941 in a bid to modernise and renovate Ethiopia. He ruled until the dictator known as Mengistu Haile Mariam overthrew him. Not only was he very much respected and loved by many Ethiopians but he was admired by those who choose to follow the Rastafarian religion. Many Rastafarians believe that the Queen of Sheba and king Solomon had a child who was in the same line of descendants as Haile Selassie I, Most that follow this religion regard ‘Ethiopia’ as the promise land and feel as though that’s where they belong.
A colourful nation
By KIMBERLY CHIKUMBA – original content
Malaysia possesses a vibrant rich culture. A harmonious land united by race and religion. Malaysia holds eight festivals through the year. One of the most significant ones is the Hari Raya Aidifitri. The festival falls on a specific day each year, following the start of the new moon in the Islamic calendar. In most cases the festival is held in August. Hari Raya Aidifiri is a much-anticipated holiday for the Malays (the predominant race of Malaysia) and other Muslims as it falls after the break of Ramadan (a month of fasting for Muslims).
Hari Raya Aidifitri is certainly a national celebration. Green is the predominant colour of the festival. “Selamat Hari raya”(a greeting celebrating the festival) is the greeting you’ll get as you pave though the shopping malls of Kualar Lumpur covered in green confetti. The whole nation takes it upon them self’s to embrace the religious holiday.
Aborigines originally inhabited the Asian nation. Settlers from south China arrived in the second century, BCE era. Around the first century in the CE era Indian traders inhabited the west coast of peninsula. It was during this early era Hinduism and Buddhism were introduced. Buddhist states became dominant in the east but this was to change.
The development of the Malacca port in the 15 century created trading ties which saw the rulers of Malacca convert to Islam; a religion that had been introduced through foreign traders. Islam is to this day the dominant religion of Malaysia with over 19.5 million practicing Muslims.
In 1511 Malaysia became victim to colonial rule when the Portuguese seized the sultanate of Malacca, a century later the Portuguese were also to be thrown out by the Dutch. The years that followed saw Malaysia under European colonisation. It would be another 446 years before it could be a free land.
Despite political uproar and government policy that has modelled the modern day Malaysia, the one thing that has remained is their identity as a people, their united spirit and their dedication to Islam.